|Scientific Name||Poa annua L.|
|Common Names||English: Annual bluegrass; German: Einjähriges Rispengras; French: Pâturin annuel; Spanish: Espiguilla, poa anual|
|Description||P. annua is an annual grass, which may persist as a short-lived perennial depending on habitat, climate and management. It is a weakly competitive weed with rapid flowering and profuse seedling.|
Leaves are often transversely wrinkled with characteristic tramlines.
Tufted, 5 - 30 cm (1.97 - 11.81 inch) high, root at the nodes, youngest leaf folded.
Erect, in the vegetative state geniculate. Flowering culms are erect and smooth 10 - 30 cm (3.93 - 11.81 inch) tall, without hairs.
Leaves flat, slightly keeled with characteristic 'tramlines'; smooth and abruptly contracted at the apices
('boat-shaped tip'). Transversely wrinkled.
Ligule membranous and typically 2-3(-5) mm 0.078 - 0.118 - 0.197 inch) long, often truncate or acute.
Sheath is smooth, keeled and somewhat compressed.
Culms with open triangular or ovate panicles, 2-12 cm (0.78 - 4.72 inch) long, solitary or paired branches.
Spikelets 3-10 mm (0.12 - 0.39 inch) long, lanceolate with 3-10 florets.
Glumes boat shaped, acute apex, lower glumes 1.5-3 mm (0.059 - 0.12 inch) long, 1 vein, upper ones 2-4 mm (0.078 - 0.16 inch) long with 3 veins.
Spring through autumn.
Caryopsis develops in summer.
Germination nearly all year round.
Viability Of Seeds
Short-lived (2-5 years), but often moderately dormant and forming a significant presence in the seed bank in many agricultural soils.
150 to 1,000 seeds per plant.
P. annua ia a cosmopolitan grass, highly successful in occupying niches to avoid competition with dominant plants.
Annual bluegrass tolerates a range of soil conditions, from moderate to hard frost, but prefers fertile agricultural soils with an adequate water supply.
Additional Crop Information
Also low-growing cereals, vegetable crops, turfgrass, plantation crops.
P. annua is ubiquitously distributed and widely adapted to diverse habitats but has a relatively low competitive ability. It survives as a weed because of its high genotypic and phenotypic variability, rapid germination and tolerance to compacted soils. It is a major weed in turfgrass.
Integrated Crop Management
Annual bluegrass can be suppressed by dense and fast growing crops. Deep soil tillage in winter results in seed mortality due to fatal germination.
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