|Scientific Name||Brachiaria platyphylla (Munro ex Wright) Nash|
|Synonyms||Urochloa platyphylla (Munro ex Wright) R. Webster|
|Common Names||English: Broadleaf signalgrass; Spanish: Braquiaria|
|Description||A spreading summer annual grass, commonly found growing along the ground but with tips ascending, roots fibrous and capable of rooting at the lower stem nodes, produces stolones.|
Relatively broad and short leaves, lack of hairs on the leaf blades, rooting stem nodes, and flattened spikelets.
Leaf sheaths of the seedling are often maroon-tinged and hairy throughout. Leaf blades are without hairs, except for those that occur on the margins. Leaf blades may also be maroon-tinged, with a fringed membranous ligule.
Prostrate, branching and bent at the nodes, to approximately 1 m (39.37 inch) tall. These plants often root at the lower stem nodes, and therefore are most commonly seen growing along the ground with some tips ascending.
Leaf blades are overall short and wide in appearance, approximately 3-15 cm (1.18 - 5.90 inch) long and 6-15 mm (0.24 - 0.59 inch) wide. Leaf blades are widest near the base and taper to the apex. Leaves are rolled in the bud and without hairs on either leaf surface except on margins and in the collar region.
The ligule is a narrow membrane fringed with hairs, 0.5 to 1 mm (0.02 - 0.039 inch) long. Leaf sheaths are hairy.
Inflorescence composed of racemes, approximately 30 cm (11.81 inch) long and 10 cm (3.93 inch) wide. Each seedhead has 2 to 6 'branches', approximately 2.5 to 9 cm (0.98 - 3.54 inch) long. Spikelets on the seedhead are somewhat flattened in appearance.
July - September.
Germination from April - July.
Viability of Seeds
Short living seeds, less than 4 years.
Reproduces by seeds and rarely by stolones.
Wet ditches, boggy thickets, swampy woods, moist disturbed areas.
Acidic soil conditions.
Broadleaf signalgrass can reduce yield significantly. It is rapidly spreading and can be a serious problem weed in corn and other infested crops. It is very competitive and a prolific seed producer. If not controlled in continuous no-till agricultural systems, a tremendous seed reserve can be built on top of the soil and residue, making pre-emergence control difficult.
Useful non-chemical contribution to Integrated Weed Management
Deep tillage and dense crop stands effectively suppress this weed species.
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